The leaven of the Pharisees was hypocritical formality. In Revelation 12, a woman is symbolic of the nation of Israel, and in Revelation 17 and 18 she represents the false system of Babylon. In Galatians 5:7-9, its diffusive quality describes the harmful effects of false doctrine. Matthew 13:23, ESV: "As for what was sown on good … In some cases, that is the only use (to decorate the head). Two gallons of meal, which is the equivalent of about eight quarts or thirty-two cups, would make nearly eleven loaves! Another parable he spoke to them; The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. 9 Answers. The word translated is better rendered as "transferred." There is also the ephah, which is ten omers. This world as a whole has a system of beliefs and practices that go contrary to God. He said to his disciples, "Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees," (Matthew 16:6, 16:11, Mark 8:15). Matthew 13:1-9 The parable of the sower. b “ The kingdom of heaven is like leaven that a woman took and hid in c three measures of flour , till it was d all leavened .” That was not kosher! Satan would try to corrupt the word, the teaching, so that church members would not treat each other well, offend one another, and maybe some would lose their salvation. Then, in Matthew 16:5-6, 11, Jesus clearly says that the leaven He spoke about was the doctrine of the Pharisees and the Sadducees. Fine meal is the major component of bread. Another rendering is a word we should all be familiar with—the sovereignty of God. Leaven is a fermenting agent that causes dough to rise over time. Matthew 13:33 33 He told them another parable. She hides the leaven "in three measures of meal." The two wave loaves that were offered on the day of Pentecost (Leviticus 23) were made with leaven, because they represent us, the Old Testament and the New Testament, or the Old Covenant and the New Covenant—the churches of those times that were full of leaven, that is, sinful people. It does not sound very good to us—nor did it sound right to the Jews—because we know what leaven represents in Scripture: the corruption of sin. Three measures of meal would be a huge amount even for a large family - perhaps as much as is needed to make about a dozen loaves of bread. Paul concurs: "Our citizenship is in heaven" (Philippians 3:20); "We are ambassadors for Christ" (II Corinthians 5:20; our allegiance is to Christ, the King of the Kingdom of God); we are "strangers and pilgrims" in a foreign land (I Peter 2:11). Another parable spoke He unto them: "The Kingdom of Heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till the whole was leavened.". We need to learn a little bit about Israelite dry measures. Everywhere else in the Bible where the word "leaven" or "unleavened" appears, "leaven" carries with it a negative implication. Something good had been corrupted. So, in the first half of this chapter, Jesus is saying, "Look, My disciples, this is the plan that you must fight against. Sobering, is it not? All human-based belief systems go contrary to God because "the carnal mind is enmity against God" (Romans 8:7). Is it full of sin? An average loaf of bread contains about three cups of flour. While some commentaries interpret this parable as depicting the spreading influence of the gospel, such explanations go against Jesus' use of this symbol. This is the common word used to mean "to come into possession of." He went above and beyond what was required for the meal offering. Most people would have seen a woman making bread. Matthew 13 contains Christ's explanation of His use of parables as a way of teaching. ", Richard T. Ritenbaugh Adam and Eve sinned. Get that sin out, so you can repent." A person who did so could expect to be zapped by the next lightning bolt out of heaven. What, then, would the normal Jew have thought? Notice the comment Matthew makes following the first section. So, then, what is leaven? K.J.V. This sounds like the Parable of the Leaven. Matthew 13:13-15. That they understood made it possible for Jesus to conclude with a final parable that reveals the responsibility of the disciples as "scribes" in the church, "instructed concerning the kingdom of heaven" (verse 52). Matthew 13:23, NIV: "But the seed falling on good soil refers to someone who hears the word and understands it. Hallelujah! This is similar to what He says to the scribe in Luke 17:21: "Nor will they say, 'See here!' These parables do not describe the kingdom in a systematic way, but show us a series of snapshots taken from different perspectives. The Householder (verse 52) represents the work of the true minister and teacher who feeds the household of faith from a rich storehouse of essential spiritual treasures. He would have understood immediately that the Kingdom of Heaven would be subverted. An ephah, three measures of meal, is given. Yes, indeed. Jesus is speaking to His disciples, telling them what they are to do when they go out preaching the gospel: "And heal the sick who are there, and say to them, 'The Kingdom of God has come near to you'" (Luke 10:9). Colossians 1:13 says that we have already been translated into the Kingdom of the Son of His love. Another parable He spoke to them. John Gill's Exposition of the Bible Matthew 13:33 Another parable spake he unto them To the disciples and the multitude, and which was of the same kind, to the same purpose, and relating to the same subject as the former; the spread of the Gospel, and the increase of it in the world. So we have to go back before the throne of grace and plead for mercy and forgiveness again and again and again—even up until the time that we die or we are changed. Even the most bread-gorging family on this earth would not eat eleven loaves each day. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven. In true members of God's church, the Kingdom of God is already ruling in them. These four parables describe the outward characteristics of the church, the working of the mystery of sin against the church, and the extent to which the Evil One is allowed to go in his opposition. Young's Its major connotation is "to be sneaky" or "to be secret, covert, or surreptitious." Something like that law, our Lord tells His disciples, is to be found in the conditions of spiritual growth in wisdom. This suggestion is pretty ridiculous when we consider that three measures of meal equal about two gallons of meal (7.3 liters)! A nation has a character and way of doing things. The kyngdome of heven is lyke vnto leve which a woman taketh and hydeth in .iii. This squares with our understanding of what Christ is. In Luke 10, Jesus uses the term in a present-tense situation. on StudyLight.org There fortune smiles on the fortunate, and nothing succeeds like success. The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven. But it says the kingdom of heaven is like leaven. Matthew 13:33. That is the beauty of grace—that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us, and we can then come under His blood and be cleaned. Parables of Matthew 13 (Part 1): The Mustard Seed. Nations or political groups and religions or churches have specific unique beliefs. The chapter contains eight parables. Jesus' frequently uses the words "Kingdom of Heaven," especially in Matthew 13, as in "The Kingdom of Heaven is like..." We should be careful not to be fooled by this. A particular Bible translation may divide the chapter into only seven parables, but there are eight parables in Matthew 13. . This is an unusual statement, because we all have our two ears hanging on the sides of our head. Another simile spake he to them: `The reign of the heavens is like to leaven, which a woman having taken, hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. Elsewhere she is called "Wickedness" (Zechariah 5:7-8), "Jezebel" (Revelation 2:20), and the "great harlot" (Revelation 17:1). Martin G. Collins till it was all leavened!" The church's teachings come from the Word of God, which is our daily bread. He is not doing away with the idea that He will return to this earth and set up His government here after putting down all other government's rule, but He is saying, "Those of you whom I have called out are in the Kingdom of Heaven right now—in a spiritual sense—and you have to live by its rules and fight its enemies. Is the Kingdom evil? Usually the eighth is combined with the seventh parable. When Jesus finished the first seven parables, He asked His disciples, "Have you understood all these things?" Three seahs made up of about three omers equal one ephah. Genesis 18 contains the first biblical usage of "three measures of meal." Matthew 13:33 (33) Another parable He spoke to them: "The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till it was all leavened." Judges 6:18-19 shows Gideon's offering to the Lord. These verses show that the smallest meal offering that could be given was one seah, one-third of an ephah. A natural reason for leaven's negative symbolism is the idea that fermentation implies a process of corruption. Whenever we find the symbol of a woman in the Bible, she represents a system of beliefs and practices that influence other people. A poor woman, with her morsel of barm, kneading it up among three measures of meal, in some coarse earthenware pan, stands to Him as representing the whole process of His work in the world. Knowing its Old Testament significance, however, He would have used the symbol in the same way. Paul uses leavening as a type of sin in its development (I Corinthians 5:6-8). His method stands in sharp contrast to the involved and lengthy style of some Bible commentators. Matthew 13:31-32. 13:3–23, the parable of the Sower and the soil-types. "So Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah and said, 'Quickly, make ready three measures of fine meal'" (Genesis 18:6). Jesus warns in this parable that false doctrines would be infused by stealth into the church, and these evil beliefs would corrupt, erode, and destroy relationships. The next verb is "hid" (Greek, enkrupto), an interesting word. The second section consists of the next three parables: the Parable of the Hidden Treasure, the Parable of the Pearl of Great Price, and the Parable of the Dragnet. It is a very simple story—a snapshot of life, really: “The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed into a large amount of flour until it worked all through the dough” ( Matthew 13:33; cf. Prophets did not see but one advent. Only Christ's disciples can really understand the true spiritual principles involved in the parables, "because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven" (verse 11). After the first series of four parables, Matthew writes, "All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them" (verse 34). Matt. Richard T. Ritenbaugh A COLLECTION OF PARABLES. They show Christ working through His messengers to preach the gospel of the Kingdom between the time of His first and second comings. Never, ever in the Scriptures does leaven symbolize something good; it is always a type of something evil. Jesus frequently spoke of leaven. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. In verse 8, Paul defines leaven as "malice and wickedness." Matthew 13:33. Matthew 13:23 - And the one on whom seed was sown on the good soil, this is the man who hears the word and understands it; who indeed bears fruit and brings forth, some a hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty.' Second Pair: The Mustard Seed (verse 31) represents the dynamic growth of the church from small beginnings even while adversaries confront it. How much? They reveal to those following Jesus—his disciples. Jesus also spoke of common civic duties and social events. The country we live in is an alien nation. In the Levitical sacrifices, no leaven could be in any of the offerings that were made (Leviticus 2:11), because they typified the sinless Christ. Matthew 13:33. Chapter and verse divisions only were added centuries after Matthew was written. Jesus teaches us by the simplicity and shortness of His parables that directness and brevity are effective teaching tools. This parable depends on the word "three" to be understood and without it prevents this parable to be of any use at all. He saw that the people would be full of leaven, and they would always be, until they were changed to spirit. Jesus uses this story as an object lesson to illustrate the kingdom of heaven. Have we come under the sovereignty of God? He is already our King, reigning over us right now. They both reveal and conceal. What happened at the foundation of the world? The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). The parable of the yeast is recorded in two different books of the Bible; it is recorded in Matthew 13:33 and also in Luke 13:20-21. Fourth Pair: The Dragnet (verse 47) teaches that the good and evil who intermingle on earth will be completely separated in the judgment. The kingdom of heaven is like something negative? Christ also symbolizes the kingdom of heaven is like leaven in flour. Most of the time, commentators interpret this parable just as they interpret the Parable of the Mustard Seed—that the Kingdom would grow big and eventually encompass the whole earth, and everything would be great. Mark 13:33, KJV: "Take ye heed, watch and pray: for ye know not when the time is." There is also the ephah, which is ten omers. The same day went Jesus out of the house and sat by the seaside. Amplified® But God accepts them because the blood of Christ cleanses us from all sin (I John 1:7). In Matthew 13:34 is an explanation why the first four parables can be titled "Satan's Plan to Destroy the Church": All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: "I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world.". What was "three measures of meal"? But is this correct? The leaven of those who have distorted doctrine down through the ages has been greed, pride, control, and worldly desires. MATTHEW 13:13-33, 44-52. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. These are the works of the flesh—they reflect how we treat one another. Another parable put he forth unto them, saying As the former parable sets forth the condition of the Gospel church state until the end of the world; this expresses the small beginnings of it, and the large increase and growth of it, and its great usefulness to the saints. It will lunge directly at the church's jugular—how we treat one another. The recurring phrase "kingdom of heaven" denotes Christ's work through His church to make known "the word of the kingdom" (verse 19), that is, to announce the good news of the coming Kingdom of God. It means "to hide in" or "to mix." Humanity has no self-leavening power. Gideon gave an ephah, three measures of meal. It is devoted service toward others. In the meantime there is something going on that no one in the OT knew about. This parable can also be referred to as the parable of the leaven. To find out what kind of system is being referred to, we must look at the context to see how the system works, how it reacts, and what it does. because if you really and truly put God first in … The law of grain offerings in Numbers 15:8-9 provides some instruction. If you were a Jew in the OT, you would draw your time line with a present age and an age to come, separated by Messiah’s coming. Portrayals of nature scenes provided Him with analogies with which to express spiritual truth. The woman in the Parable of the Leaven is interesting because in all the other parables a man is the main character. Every year, we keep the Days of Unleavened Bread to depict just this process and to be thankful that we have this sacrifice—Christ our Passover—who saves us and forgives us. Parables of Matthew 13 (Part One): Introduction. In these areas we need to focus our greatest attention, overcoming how we treat each other, growing in our devotion and service. Jesus gave clear and precise illustrations to which His audience could relate. In this parable leaven symbolizes sin that corrupts and spreads. In Mark 8:15, He speaks of "the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod." Physically, leaven is a lump of old dough in a high state of fermentation, or a substance that causes dough to rise (yeast). "The Kingdom of the Heavens," He said, "is like yeast which a woman takes and buries in a bushel of flour, for it to work there till the whole mass has risen.". And after that no one dared question Him." In Ezekiel 16, God uses a woman to symbolize Israel: "Aholah" is the kingdom of Israel and "Aholibah" is the kingdom of Judah. If you understand what is in these parables, you will have a pretty good idea of what is happening spiritually.". The root word for enkrupto is krupto, which means "to cover, to conceal, to keep secret." It was present then in the person of Jesus Christ and working. Matthew 12:33 Mark 13:33, NASB: "'Take heed, keep on the alert; for you do not know when the appointed time will come." What can we understand from this? Where has the church shown its greatest weakness? The entire Bible looks forward to this time, but there is a present reality of the Kingdom among His sons and daughters. The first consists of the first four parables: the Parable of the Sower, the Parable of the Wheat and the Tares, the Parable of the Mustard Seed, and the Parable of the Leaven. The apostles, and the church Jesus would build, would bring forth a treasure of knowledge and understanding, "things new and old.". Wives could grasp His word pictures from home life. In the New Testament you find five distinct usages of leaven and they all mean something bad. one if the other); or else make the tree corrupt (Matthew 7:17, note), and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit. It does not mean "the Kingdom of God when Jesus Christ returns." N.A.S.B. The kingdom of heaven — Both the gospel dispensation in the world, and the kingdom of grace in the souls of true believers, especially the former; is like to a grain of mustard-seed — Small and contemptible in its beginning. "By his own fruit" (Luke). The Kingdom is supposed to be glorious and pure, and Jesus is telling us that the Kingdom is full of leaven. That process included adding leaven, usually yeast, to flour. What the woman does and how she acts determines what belief system she is representing. When the Jews heard this parable, they must have been astounded. You see, even though we hear with our physical ears, it does not mean … That of the Sadducees was skepticism. Every time a woman is used as a symbol, the common denominator is the idea of a system of beliefs and practices that influence other people. In Galations 4:21-31, Paul uses "women" to symbolize the Old Covenant and the New Covenant. ', Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise), Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Jesus says, ". Jesus, then, is probably speaking of a special occasion. These examples show that Jesus taught His disciples that the Kingdom of God or the Kingdom of Heaven exists now, but it is in a different form from what it will be when Jesus returns and sets up His government. I.S.V. The Tares (verse 24) represents the relationship of the church to the wicked one and his agents. I. Matthew 13:33. This does not square with what we learn in the Old Testament. Or 'See there!' In other words, it is sin. . Literally, yeast or leaven is a baking powder that, when mixed with flour, has the ability to make bread dough to ferment and expand. What does Matthew 13:33 mean? The Leaven (verse 33) represents the progress of the church against and despite the contagious outspread of sin. It should stand alone. What was kept secret from the foundation of the world? Leaven is symbolic of things that disintegrate, break up, and corrupt. This seah is what is translated "measure" in Matthew 13:33, except it is in Greek saton. — Matthew 13:34-35 NLT. All of these are part of the meal offering—our service and devotion to each other. If Jesus told us that the Kingdom of God was like leaven in bread, what would we think? Of course, many of them are Protestants, who look at it from the understanding of "the Kingdom of God is within you." It simply was not done! Some scholars want to throw out the word kingdom when it is used this way, feeling that it is a misleading translation. Matthew 7:18 and Luke 6:43 state as a fact that the reverse case does not take place in nature. If "three measures of meal" represents our love, service, and devotion to fellowman, this parable warns us that the false system will make a concerted and covert effort to corrupt the true church through false doctrine aimed at how we treat each other. It does not make sense for a God who is the same yesterday, today, and forever (Hebrews 13:8). First, she took leaven. Another parable He spoke to them: "The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till it was all leavened." The smallest unit of measure is an omer. Three omers equal one about one seah. What does the lieutenant do when he encrypts it? More importantly, most of the Jews listening to Jesus would have recognized the three measures of meal (an ephah) as the meal or grain offering (Leviticus 2). Matthew 13:33 – Luke 13:20-21 Here is an example of a mistranslation due to a basic and simple word tria = "three" not being translated. 13: 12 only has meaning when read as part of its context, which is Matt. Symbolically, it represents the second great commandment, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." If the false doctrines are allowed to grow, affection and loving concern in service to one another are thwarted. Physically, leaven is a lump of old dough in a high state of fermentation, or a substance that causes dough to rise (yeast). These eight parables can be divided into three sections. This offering was never allowed to contain leaven (Leviticus 2:5). It was sin. Darby How lovingly and meditatively Jesus looked upon homely life, knowing nothing of the differences, the vulgar differences, between the small and great! Luke 13:20-21 ). A natural reason for leaven's negative symbolism is the idea that fermentation implies a process of corruption. Matthew 13:9 "Who hath ears to hear, let him hear." Jesus is speaking of dark mysteries, dark things happening. What is "a woman" in Scripture? Another similitude sayde he to them. In 87 out of 88 times, it means something bad, but here in Matthew 13, leaven is positive. The third section is the last parable, the Parable of the Householder, who takes out of his treasury both old and new. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Matthew 13:33: The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. . This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. In Luke 12:1, Jesus says that the leaven of the Pharisees is hypocrisy—hypocrisy in religion. The woman in the parable takes leaven and hides it in the meal (Matthew 13:33). We must get along with one another as God intends, or we might not be around to enter His Kingdom. It is not on earth right now as a government, in the form of a nation or a kingdom, but the Kingdom of God exists. Answer Save. An overview of Matthew 13 is essential, because we need to understand the whole context to see what Jesus was trying to get across to us. . What do we hear about among and within the congregations? It was a normal practice and meant something to them. Mark 13:33, NLT: "And since you don't know when that time will come, be on … He mixes up the letters according to a code, and only a person with the key to the encryption knows what the message is saying. The first parable, The Sower, and the eighth, The Householder, are key, the first introducing and anticipating all of the parables, and the last concluding and reflecting back on the whole, stating the church's purpose and duty under the authority of Jesus Christ. Matthew 13:34 applies specifically to what Jesus had just said, but it also applies generally to all the parables. Hannah's offering was one ephah, three measures of meal. Jesus tells him in verse 5, "Go ahead and make a meal." I Samuel 1:24 tells of Hannah's thank offering. This is a collection of five or six parables (depending on how we count verses 51-52) of the kingdom of heaven. Compare all. It is almost unthinkable that the Kingdom of God would be full of leaven throughout. Merchants could relate to illustrations from the business world that translated into spiritual principles. See what over 150,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. This is not the Protestant idea of "the Kingdom of God is within you," but the Kingdom of God does exist. Ted's Response: As for Matthew 13:33, I believe that "yeast" or "leaven" does not always have to represent "sin," which is merely one type of "leaven." They were inspired by His Father in heaven, "[for] all things that I heard from My Father I have made known to you" (John 15:15), therefore "blessed are your eyes for they see, and your ears, for they hear" (Matthew 13:16). . Putting these three verses together, this is how he defines leaven, as "a persuasion that does not come from God."
what does matthew 13:33 mean